FoE(Grassroots)Nuclear Network

Posted: 8th January 2022

Hi FoE(Grassroots)Nuclear Network

So its been a year almost since you last heard from us and then not properly (Newsletter#6) since just before lockdown. We hope you are as well as can be. The Covid-19 pandemic has hit some of us harder than others and not just health-wise. Some have worked all through it, some on an up to £30k p.a. furlough holiday and the long-term sick and disabled not even entitled to the £20 p.w. 25% temporary increase in Universal Credit. So much for all being in it together…................................................................

.....................................................Steve has ................just finished <b>extensively updating for RisingTideUK the Briefing Paper requested by the COP26Coalition: "Same Old Not New Not</b>
<b> Zero Nuclear" (or, most of what you need to know about Nuclear Power in the UK but weren't nerdy enough to ask) here:- </b><a href=""></a><b>.  That's the place to look</b> for UK government nuclear 
shenanigens and the latest news so we've not repeated in this Newsletter. Any updates/amendments/changes let us know and we'll review it. They'll endeavour to keep it updated here:- 
<a href=""></a>
Anyway, our apologies that its been a while so multiple items for your
<b> </b>
<b>5) NUCLEAR TO BECOME GREEN? As you'll see from Steve's briefing, at the CBI our PM said the </b>
<b>6) Covid-19 pandemic guidance </b>
<b>7) ONR Documents.</b>
<b>8) Fukushima.</b>
<b>9) European Antinuclear Statement</b>
<b>10) Nuclear Transport Solutions</b>
<b>11) Wildlife and the Atom </b>
<b>12) Paul Dorfman UAE article </b>
<b>13) RAB means a Nuclear surcharge on your Electricity bill. </b>
<b>14) Torness occupation 1979 film. </b>
<b>15) BANNG Physics Guides.</b>
<b>16) Chernobyl - the HBO tv series. </b>
<b>17) Stop Sizewell petition. Last but not least. </b>
Love Ian (Cambridge) &amp; Steve (Greater London) - FoE (Grassroots) Nuclear Network Joint Co-ordinators.



End-of-the-year summary of the global situation with regard to nuclear power, country-by-country, in downward order of number of commercial nuclear power stations operating. 

USA :- 93 reactors in operation, a third of all operating reactors in the world, with a capacity of 95.5 GW of electricity. 2 more in construction and 9 more planned. This represents a recent reduction in reliance on nuclear power. More than 100 orders for nuclear reactors were cancelled in the 70s and 80s after the 1979 Three Mile Island reactor disaster. In 1997, there had been 104 reactors operating.
France : 54 operating, with the two oldest closed in 2020, with approx. 50 GW of capacity and producing approx 70% of France’s electricity, the largest proportion of any country. In 2015 a law was introduced that the proportion of France’s electricity produced by nuclear power should be reduced to 50% by 2025, later amended to 2035 and the target seems to now have been dropped. One reactor is STILL in construction, Flamanville, a “European Pressurised Water Reactor” (EPR), begun Dec’07, then planned to begin operating commercially in 2012 but latest predicted start-up date is now 2024. All this represents a considerable reduction in France’s earlier ambitious nuclear plans. In 1974, France announced it planned to build 80 nuclear plants by 1985 and 170 by 2000.
China : 51 reactors operating, with a capacity of 49.6 GW of electricity. Also 16 under construction with 45 more planned, by far the most ambitious nuclear programme globally.
Russia: 37 reactors operating, 3 of which opened in 2021. Producing 31.3 GW (December 2018 figure). 3 more in construction and 27 more planned.
India : 23 reactors in operation, producing 6.8 GW. 7 in construction and 11 more planned.
South Korea: 23 operating, with a capacity of 20.5 GW, providing 29% of the country’s electricity. In 2012 South Korea planned to increase nuclear’s share of power generation to 60% by 2035, with 11 more reactors coming online by 2021. This was reduced to an increase of 29% by 2035. In 2017, the government decided to phase out nuclear power. 3 reactors in construction would be completed but all reactors would be phased out after 40 years operation.
Canada: 19 operating reactors, with 13.5 MW of capacity, producing 16.6% of Canada’s electricity in 2015. Plans made after 2000 for many new nuclear power stations have all been shelved, mostly after Fukushima and no new nuclear reactors are currently in construction or planned.
Ukraine:15 operating reactors, with over 13MW of capacity, supplying about half of its electricity. 5 reactors at Chernobyl were either destroyed or abandoned after the melt-down there in 1987 and construction was frozen subsequently at 7 reactors then in construction with plans for others shelved.
UK: Details here . 13 reactors operating, producing about 16% of UK’s electricity, after the closure of 4 were announced in 2021. Half of UK’s existing nuclear reactors are planned to close down by 2025 and all but one by 2030. One new power station, Hinkley Point C, started building Oct’16 and is now planned to open in 2026. Another planned at Sizewell C, with a start date given as “before 2024” and the period of construction given as 9-12 years. The UK government announced Nov’21 that they were investing £210m in Rolls Royce to develop small modular reactors, which according to the government could be in use in the early 2030s.
Japan: 9 currently operating reactors, producing about 7.5% of Japanese electricity. Before Fukishima the number was 54. Of these 3 were destroyed in the disaster and the rest “temporarily” closed down. 21 of these have now been decommissioned and the 9 have been re-opened. 1 under construction at Oma, started in 2010 but suspended after Fukushima, resumed in Oct’13 and its completion date is now 2026. 
Spain: 7 reactors currently operating with a capacity of 7.1 GW, producing 22.2% of its electricity in 2020. Between 1983 and 1987 the government policy was to phase out nuclear power in favour of renewable energy but this was then dropped, though no new reactors have been built in Spain subsequently and 2 have been shut down.
Belgium: 7 reactors, with a capacity of 5.8 GW, producing about 40% of its electricity. Parliament voted “to aim” to phase out nuclear power generation by 2025.
Czech Republic: 2 nuclear power stations with 6 reactors between them, generating about a third of electricity. Government energy policy is pro-nuclear calling for a substantial increase in nuclear capacity by 2040. However there are no nuclear reactors currently under construction.
Germany: phasing out nuclear power entirely. Currently 6 reactors still in operation but all are to be permanently shut down by the end of 2022. Another 29 have already been taken out of service and are now are being decommissioned or been fully dismantled.
Pakistan:  2 nuclear power stations with 5 reactors between them, with 2.2 GW capacity, producing 7.5% of electricity in 2018. Another reactor is in construction.
Switzerland: 4 nuclear reactors generating up to 40% of its electricity. 2 more planned but in Jun’11 parliament resolved not to replace any reactors and hence to phase out nuclear power gradually. This was confirmed in a 2017 referendum.
Finland: 4 reactors providing about 30% of its electricity. A fifth, Olkiluoto 3, a French EPR, started up December 21st and another planned, to take the nuclear contribution to about 60% and replace coal. However Olkiluoto 3 began construction in 2006 with a planned completion date of 2009, so it has come into operation 12 years late and vastly over budget.
Hungary: 4 reactors with a capacity of 2 GW producing about half of its electricity. 2 more planned.
Slovakia: 4 reactors in operation with a total capacity of 2 GW and producing 58% of electricity. 2 more about to complete construction
Argentina: 3 reactors in operation, with total capacity of 1.6 GW and producing 6% of electricity. 2 more planned and one small modular reactor is in construction.
Other countries: South Africa, Mexico, Bulgaria, Romania and Brazil each have 2 operating reactors currently; and Slovenia, Netherlands, Armenia and Iran each have 1; making 31 countries (out of 195) having nuclear power reactors.
Italy:- closed all its nuclear power stations in 1990; a decision confirmed in a 2011 referendum with 94% agreeing.

Lithuania:- closed down the last of its 2 reactors in 2009; however plans to build another.  Austria:- completed a nuclear reactor in 1978 but after a poll came out against its opening, parliament voted to mothball it and it remains closed after a 1997 vote in parliament reaffirmed Austria as a nuclear-free country.

5) NUCLEAR TO BECOME GREEN? As you’ll see from Steve’s briefing, at the CBI our PM said the UKgov would be consulting on classifying nuclear as a green investment and similar ludicrousness abounds in the EU:  and “EU plans to label gas and nuclear energy ‘green’ prompt row: . This vote is still open for you to cast yours “Should the EU subsidise nuclear energy as transition energy?” here:-

7) ONR Documents. Office for Nuclear Regulation’s “Chief Nuclear Inspector’s annual report on Great Britain’s nuclear industry” October 2021:-

 & ‘Bulk quantities’ interpretation confirmed for Geological Disposal Facilities:- .

8) FukushimaPlease sign these petitions “The Osaka High Court 12th Civil Division: Request for a fair judgment in the Fukushima evacuees’ trial in the Osaka High Court” : & “International Signature Campaign Against the Discharge of Contaminated Water and Calling for the Discontinuation of Nuclear Power Plants Now!” nearly at 80k here: .

Kick Nuclear hold “Remember Fukushima – End Nuclear Power” vigils in London on the 2nd and last Fridays of each month, from 11am to 12.30pm outside the Japanese Embassy at 101-104 Piccadilly, followed by from 1 to 1.30pm outside the offices of the Tokyo Electric Power Company at Marlborough Court, 14-18 Holborn. 
All anti-nuclear people welcome to join but at present, please check before coming. 
Check out the videos on their Remember Fukushima website here:  & this amazingly detailed factual and descriptive article from Mekong Review 19 :- .

Russia Today broadcast “Back to Fukushima” and here is a link if you missed it: & CRIIRAD produced a 45 minutes film with English subtitles here: or the trailer at 2 minutes:-

9) We signed this European Antinuclear Statement. 90 groups from 15 countries signed in time for the launch on the 10th Fukushima anniversary. . If your group wants to sign-up too check out that website or email [email protected]

10) Direct Rail Services, which operates trains carrying nuclear waste from UK nuclear power stations announced on 17th Feb’21 that it has joined up with the Nuclear Development Authorities’ Transport
Subsidiaries to launch Nuclear Transport Solutions, which started with that rebrand in Apr’21. The new freight operator is owned by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. 

11) Wildlife and the Atom the 1983 London Greenpeace [ not the imperial one ;p ] group pamphlet now has an online updated edition here:

12) Paul Dorfman article in The Conversation: “Why is the UAE, where solar energy is abundant, about to open four nuclear reactors?” here:-

13) RAB means a Nuclear surcharge on your Electricity bill. Good timing eh? Please sign the petition which is nearing 100k here:-

<b>14) Torness occupation 1979 film</b><b>. </b>Torness nuclear power station construction site - thousands attend
protest festival and 1,500 occupy the site, 1979. A few of us from London were there! <a href=""></a>

15) BANNG Physics Guides.  Peter from BANNG has prepared an overview of the Fission and Chain Reaction process that goes on in every nuclear reactor: Click to view video…  & Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Neutron radiation: click here to view

17) Stop Sizewell petition. Last but not least, another one to sign here:- .

Find out more – call Caroline on 01722 321865 or email us.