Posted: 15th September 2020
REAGAN-GORBACHEV DECLARATION OF 1986 SHOULD BE
REAFFIRMED BY GOVERNMENTS
EACH NUCLEAR ARMED STATE SHOULD RENOUNCE ANY AND ALL
OPTIONS INVOLVING THE INITIATION OF NUCLEAR WARFARE.
Dear Delegates to UNGA, First Committee, the High Level Meeting, and the 10th NPT
We write to urge you to support a reaffirmation of the 1987 Reagan-Gorbachev declaration that ‘A
Nuclear War Cannot be Won and Must never be Fought.’
A consequence of that is that every nuclear armed state should renounce any and all options involving
the initiation of nuclear warfare.
Such a reaffirmation could be promoted at the UN High Level Meeting on the Total Elimination of Nuclear
Weapons on October 2 2020, and then adopted at the postponed (virtual or physical) tenth NPT Review
Conference. It could also be adopted as a resolution of the General Assembly emanating as usual from
First Committee. Finally, it could also come from the UNSC.
It is in response to both US and Russian nuclear postures and threats that a reaffirmation of the Reagan-
Gorbachev declaration is so necessary. The Reagan-Gorbachev declaration represents an unquestioned
‘motherhood’ norm that ever since 1986/7, has increasingly been taken for granted – until both the US
and the Russian Governments have started issuing statements implying that nuclear war was/is NOT
unthinkable, or that they are willing to engage in arms races.
Language such as this inspires a willingness to think the unthinkable, and to contemplate the real
possibility of meaningfully ‘fighting’ a nuclear war that, if translated into day-to-day, operational, nuclear
postures, would make an actual nuclear exchange all too possible.
So too do statements by any NWS, expressing willingness to contemplate a nuclear arms race, which will
be won by ‘spending the other side into oblivion’. The inappropriateness of such priorities in the time of
Coronavirus is mind-boggling. Finally, the deployment of ‘mini-nukes’ on US strategic submarines again
presents a lowered threshold for nuclear use. Russia has responded predictably that ANY ICBM
launched from a US submarine will be treated as a full-scale nuclear attack.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in re-setting the Doomsday Clock to an unprecedented 100 seconds
to metaphorical ‘midnight’ noted that:
“...The world is sleepwalking its way through a newly unstable nuclear landscape. The arms control
boundaries that have helped prevent nuclear catastrophe for the last half century are being steadily
All of this necessitates a statement reaffirming the Reagan-Gorbachev declaration.
Of course the Reagan-Gorbachev declaration is just one of a number of measures that need to be taken
to minimise the probability of a potentially civilisation-ending catastrophe. These measures, which are
identical to those agreed in previous NPT outcomes, notably the 13 points, include:
•Each nuclear armed state should renounce any and all options involving the initiation of nuclear
warfare. If no nation unleashes its nuclear arsenal, nuclear war will never be fought.
•New START should be extended.
•Risk reduction measures including No First Use, De-Alerting, improved or resumed Mil to Mil
communications, implementation of JDEC, (Joint Data Exchange Centre) avoidance of
provocative military exercises and postures, avoidance of provocative language.
•Urgent consideration of further arms control measures between the US and Russia, and of ways
to widen arms control to include other parties.(without holding US-Russian agreement, or
extension of New START hostage to what other parties may or may not want to do).
•Negotiation of additional NWFZs and adoption of all NWFZ protocols by the nuclear-armed
states to further restrict the deployment and potential use of nuclear weapons, reduce nuclear
risks and serve as stepping stones to a nuclear-weapon-free world;
A detailed list of risk reduction measures is on the website of the Abolition 2000 Nuclear Risk reduction
A webinar was recently conducted by UNODA on matters for discussion in the tenth NPT Review
At that webinar, much attention was devoted to nuclear risk reduction.
It was remarked by a number of those present that a reaffirmation of the Reagan-Gorbachev declaration
might be ‘something on which we might all agree’.
Indeed so. While it would be most desirable for a wide selection of risk reduction measures to be
enacted, and one very much hopes that a wide selection of measures ARE urged by a possible 10th NPT
Revconf, the 2 Oct High Level Meeting, or First Committee,(whether physical or virtual) ‘Reagan-
Gorbachev is in a sense ‘low-hanging fruit’.
But it is critically important fruit! Reaffirmation of Reagan-Gorbachev might help to reverse or stop the
drift toward the unthinkable that has been taking place over the last 12 months or so. This is critically
important if five, ten, years down the track we are to be all still HERE to see all the other problems we
have failed to tackle, unfold.
It has also been suggested by one or two diplomats that a failure by one or more or all of the nuclear
weapons states to actually endorse the Reaffirmation of Reagan-Gorbachev might set us all back.
On reflection we do not think this is the case. There is gain, even without NWS participation, regrettable
as that will be. Yes, failure by nuclear weapon states (esp by the US and Russia) to endorse a
reaffirmation of Reagan-Gorbachev would be extremely regrettable. (and of course we have seen Russia
actively promoting Reagan-Gorbachev). But a reaffirmation of Reagan-Gorbachev that was otherwise
massively supported would be a forward move not a backward one.
Affirmation of Reagan-Gorbachev outside the US would strengthen the considerable constituency within
the US for such a reaffirmation. The same hopefully could be said for other nuclear weapon states.
We urge governments and delegates to First Committee (Physical or virtual), the 10th NPT
Review Conference (Physical or virtual), or the UNSC, to reaffirm the 1986 Reagan-Gorbachev
declaration that ‘Nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought’.
(Institutional affiliations are for identification purposes only)
Jonathan Granoff, President, Global Security Institute, NY,
Amb. Sergio Duarte,(Amb, Ret) (Brasil)
Baroness Sue Miller of Chilthorne Domer, Vice-chair, UK Parliament All-Party Group on Global
Security and Non-Proliferation (identification purposes only)
Jayatha Dhanapala, Former UN Under-Secretary General for Disarmament and former Pugwash
Marc Finaud (Ret. Amb) Bureau Member of IDN (Initiatives for Nuclear Disarmament), France/
Aaron Tovish, Zona Libre, Mexico, (formerly of Mayors for Peace)
Alyn Ware, World Future Council, London, (Alyn is currently located in Prague)
Prof. Frank Hutchinson, Human Survival Project/Centre for Peace with Justice (Sydney)
John Hallam, Human Survival Project/People for Nuclear Disarmament (Sydney), Convenor, Abolition
2000 Working Group on Nuclear Risk Reduction
People for Nuclear Disarmament
Human Survival Project
Convenor, Abolition 2000 Working Group on Nuclear Risk Reduction